IP Ratings – Overview

IP Rating Specifications Overview – For more detail go here: IP Code Explained

IP Indication Solid Particle Protection Liquid Ingress Protection Other Protections
IP Single numeral: 0-6 Single numeral: 0-8 Single Letter
Mandatory Mandatory Mandatory Optional

 

Solid Particle Protection

Level Object Size Protected Against Effective Against
0 na No protection against contact and ingress of objects.
1 > 50 mm Any large surface of the body, such as the back of a hand, but no protection against deliberate contact with a body part.
2 > 12.5 mm Fingers or similar objects.
3 > 2.5 mm Tools, thick wires, etc.
4 > 1 mm Most wires, screws, etc.
5 Dust protected Ingress of dust is not entirely prevented, but it must not enter in sufficient quantity to interfere with the satisfactory operation of the equipment; complete protection against contact.
6 Dust tight No ingress of dust; complete protection against contact.

 

Liquid Ingress Protection

Level Protected Against Testing For
0 Not protected na
1 Dripping water Dripping water (vertically falling drops) shall have no harmful effect.
2 Dripping water when tilted up to 15° Vertically dripping water shall have no harmful effect when the enclosure is tilted at an angle up to 15° from its normal position.
3 Spraying water Water falling as a spray at any angle up to 60° from the vertical shall have no harmful effect.
4 Splashing of water Water splashing against the enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effect.
5 Water jets Water projected by a nozzle (6.3 mm) against enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effects.
6 Powerful water jets Water projected in powerful jets (12.5 mm nozzle) against the enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effects.
7 Immersion up to 1 m Ingress of water in harmful quantity shall not be possible when the enclosure is immersed in water under defined conditions of pressure and time (up to 1 m of submersion).
8 Immersion beyond 1 m The equipment is suitable for continuous immersion in water under conditions which shall be specified by the manufacturer. Normally, this will mean that the equipment is hermetically sealed. However, with certain types of equipment, it can mean that water can enter but only in such a manner that it produces no harmful effects.